The easiest way to get started with PostgreSQL on the Mac



Each version of is available with different major versions of PostgreSQL bundled. If you use “Check For Updates…”, it will show you new releases either bundled with the same single major version of PostgreSQL or all supported versions depending on the release you are currently running.

PostgreSQL itself has major and minor updates (see versioning policy). Major versions (first part of version number since ‘10’, first two parts till ‘9.6’) are released about once a year, contain new features and require a manual process to convert a data directory to a new major version, see migrating data. You can run multiple major versions in parallel if you use a multi version bundle of from the downloads page and different Port numbers.

PostgreSQL minor versions are indicated by the last part of the version number (e.g. ‘14.3’ or ‘9.6.24’). Minor updates are released for all supported major versions about once per quarter. These updates only require a restart of the application and are highly recommended as they contain bugfixes and security updates both to PostgreSQL and it’s bundled dependencies.

Minor Updates in 2 2.0 or later has an automatic update function. Just open the app, and select “Check For Updates…” from the “Postgres” menu.

While the self-update of and the bundled PostgreSQL binaries generally is an easy and painless process, we recommend to perform some additional steps:

  • Read the release notes of (will be displayed in the check for update window) and check for version specific notes and especially deprecated and removed versions of PostgreSQL in the bundle.
  • Read the minor release release notes of the PostgreSQL major version(s) you are using and look for special notes at the top. Also do this for all the minor versions that you may have skipped.
  • Perform the actions recommended in the release notes. Usually this needs to be done for each database separately.
  • If you have installed some of the bundled extensions in your databases, their SQL definitions may need an update as well. You can show an overview of these with the following query:
    SELECT * FROM pg_available_extensions WHERE installed_version IS NOT NULL AND default_version <> installed_version;

    If there are results, run ALTER EXTENSION xyz UPDATE; for each listed extension xyz. In the likely case, PostGIS extensions are listed, it’s better to run SELECT postgis_extensions_upgrade(); instead to respect all their inner dependencies. This again, needs to be done to each database separately.

From Legacy 9.5.x.x, 9.6.x.x or 10.x.x

You can upgrade to 2 just by replacing the app in your /Applications folder.

  1. Quit the old version of
  2. Download the new version of and double-click the downloaded .dmg
  3. Replace the old version in /Applications with the new version
  4. Double-click the new version. 2 will automatically detect the existing data directories if they are in the standard location. If you are using a different location, add them manually by opening the sidebar and clicking the plus button.

From earlier Legacy versions of

If you want to upgrade from earlier versions of, you will need to migrate your data.

Alternatively, you can make a custom version of 2 that supports the older server versions. See this page for details.